350th birth anniversary of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur ji
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji (1670-1716), a brave Sikh warrior and founder of the Sikh Rule in Punjab was born on October 16, 1670 at Rajauri in Punchh District of Jammu and Kashmir.
Born as Lachman Dev, it was Guru Gobind Singh Ji who gave him the new name of Banda Singh Bahadur. He was told by Guru Gobind Singh to fight the Mughals ;Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji along with five Sikhs – Binod Singh, Kahan Singh, Baj Singh, Daya Singh and Ram Singh set out towards the north with a determination to punish the tyrannical Mughal rule. The great Sikh warrior, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur fought the Mughals till his last breath.
On November 26, 1709 he attacked Samana in Patiala District of Punjab, and executed
(i) Jalal ud-Din, the executioner of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the ninth Sikh Guru and
(ii) of the two executioners Shashal Beg and Bashal Beg who had bricked alive Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s two younger sons Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji aged 7 years and 9 years respectively at Sirhind.
Battle of Chappar Chiri: 1710 A.D
It was a major attack against Sirhind Governor Wazir Khan and also Sucha Nand-he incited Wazir Khan against Guru Gobind Singh’s sons. This victory named as Sirhind Victory virtually paved the way for Khalsa Raj which ended with Maharaja Dulip Singh, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1849
After the battle he made Mikhlis Puri as as Capital renamed as Lohgarh. Fort of Lohgarh in this way became the first capital of Sikh Raj (Rule). He introduced new coins and a new calendar dating from May 14, 1710. He put an end to the feudal system.
Battle of Gurdas Nangal(1715): New Mughal Ruler was Farukh Siyar. Governor of Lahore was Abdus Samad Khan. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji fought the last battle with the Mughals at the village of Gurdas Nangal. He was tortured to death by Mughals on 9 June 1716
Gave the slogan Fateh Darshan
He founded the first Sikh Empire