Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0
The government’s flagship scheme, Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0, is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine preventable diseases.
The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and hemophilus influenzal are also being provided in selected areas. The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.
In October 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the IMI. The IMI was built on Mission Indradhanush, using additional strategies to reach populations at high risk, by involving sectors other than health. It was an effort to shift routine immunization into a peoples movement.
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Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Immunization helps protect the child from life threatening diseases. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins.Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
The Government of India launched the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) in 1985, one of the largest health programs of its kind in the world.Under the UIP, Government of India is providing vaccination to prevent eight vaccine preventable diseases nationally, i.e. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis and Hepatitis B and meningitis & pneumonia caused by Haemophilus influenza type B, and against Japanese Encephalitis in selected districts.
To strengthen and invigorate the program and achieve full immunization coverage for all children at a rapid pace, the Government of India launched Mission Indradhanush in December 2014.Mission Indradhanush will ensure that all children under the age of two years and pregnant women are fully immunized with all available vaccines. It seeks to drive towards 90% full immunization coverage of India and sustain the same by year 2020. The objective of Mission Indradhanush is to fully immunize more than 89 lakh children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated; those that have not been covered during the rounds of routine immunization for various reasons.
Vaccination will be provided against seven vaccine preventable diseases, i.e. diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis-B. In addition, vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenza type b will be provided in selected districts/states of the country. Pregnant women will also be immunised against tetanus.
Two new vaccines — measles-rubella and pneumococcal conjugate — are launched , and a third, rotavirus vaccine, became part of the UIP in another 5 states.