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Kerala top achiever in meeting Sustainable Development Goals: Niti Aayog

Kerala was the top state in meeting the sustainable development goals in this year’s ranking, prepared by NITI Aayog. Kerala retained the top slot, while Himachal, which shared the top ranking in 2018, was relegated to the second slot in this year’s ranking.

  • According to the report on the index, while Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim showed maximum improvement, states such as Gujarat have not shown any improvement vis-a-vis 2018 scores.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh were the worst performing states in this year’s index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • According to ‘SDG India Index 2019’,which evaluates progress of States and Union Territories on social, economic and environmental parameters,India’s composite score improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019 with maximum gains been made in Goals 6 (clean water and sanitation), 9 (industry, innovation, and infrastructure) and 7 (affordable and clean energy).
  • However, nutrition and gender continue to be problem areas for India, requiring more focussed approach from the government.



The SDGs call for worldwide action among governments, business and civil society to end poverty and create a life of dignity and opportunity for all, within the boundaries of the planet. An important development framework to achieve success in a number of areas such as reducing poverty and improving health and education in developing countries; earlier (2000 and 2015), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provided the framework.The year 2020 will be the fifth anniversary of the adoption of SDGs by 193 countries at the UN General Assembly.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) succeed the MDGs, expanding the challenges that must be addressed to eliminate poverty and embracing a wide range of inter-connected topics across the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. The goals are universally applicable in developing and developed countries alike. Governments are expected to translate them into national action plans, policies and initiatives, reflecting the different realities and capacities their countries possess.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

These 17 Goals build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals, while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are interconnected – often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues more commonly associated with another.

No Poverty; Zero Hunger;Good Health and Well-being; Quality Education; Gender Equality ;  Clean Water and Sanitation; Affordable and Clean Energy; Decent Work and Economic Growth;Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; Reduced Inequalities; Sustainable Cities and Communities; Responsible Consumption and Production; Climate Action;Life Below Water;Life on Land;Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions;Partnerships for the Goals.