WORLD MALARIA DAY: 25TH APRIL

World Malaria Day is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control.

The theme for this year’s Malaria Day is ‘Ready to beat Malaria’ and emphasises the collective energy and commitment of the global malaria community that is uniting all around the world to curb the disease and working towards the common goal to making the world malaria free

FACTS AND FIGURES

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is an acute febrile illness.

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the greatest threat.

Falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally.

Vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.

India is one of 15 countries in the world to have the highest cases and deaths of malaria, the World Health Organisation’s 2017 World Malaria Report revealed.The report put India along with 14 countries from the Sub Saharan African region, with 80 percent of the world’s cases and deaths.

                   Nigeria bore the highest burden in the world, as it topped these 15 countries with 30 percent of the deaths. India was fourth with 7 percent of deaths, after Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo (14 percent) and Burkina Faso (seven percent).

                 India’s health ministry has projected that India will be malaria-free by 2030. The health ministry has announced plans to ensure “zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria for 3 years,” in order to gain the malaria-free status by 2030.

In February 2016, India unveiled the National Framework for Malaria Elimination 2016-2030. It set specific targets for the years leading up to 2030, with phased targets based on the differing endemicity of malaria in different states.

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